Board of Directors

A. Karim Ahmed, Ph.D.
President, Global Children's Health and Environment Fund (Secretary-Treasurer)
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A. Karim Ahmed, Ph.D., is President of the Global Children's Health and Environment Fund (GCHEF), a non-profit international organization based in Washington, DC. In addition, Dr Ahmed is a member of the Board of Directors of the National Council for Science and the Environment (NCSE), where he serves as its Secretary/Treasurer and Senior Staff Advisor. Previously, Dr. Ahmed was Senior Fellow and Deputy Director of the Program on Health, Environment and Development at the World Resources Institute (WRI) in Washington, DC. On behalf of WRI, Dr. Ahmed helped launch the 1998-99 World Resources Report (WRR) at a press briefing in New Delhi, India in July 1998, and gave a major public address on the impact of climate change on human health at the first Indian National Conference on Environment and Health. (The WRR is a bi-annual joint publication of WRI, United Nations Environment Programme, United Nations Development Programme and the World Bank.) Between 1974 and 1988, Dr. Ahmed served as Research Director and Senior Scientist at the Natural Resources Defense Council (NRDC) in New York City, where he directed an international program assessing the impact of toxic substances and hazardous materials on the global environment. Upon leaving NRDC, Dr. Ahmed was a senior executive with two environmental consulting organizations -- a Principal at Environ Corporation in Princeton, NJ (1988 - 1990), and a Principal and Director of Research and Assessment at Science and Policy Associates in Washington, DC (1992 - 1997). Dr. Ahmed has served on a number of high level advisory committees and technical panels of national and international government agencies and scientific institutions, including the Environmental Protection Agency, Department of Energy, National Institutes of Health, National Academy of Sciences, National Science Foundation, United Nations Environment Programme, United Nations Conference on Science and Technology for Development, World Health Organization, World Bank, etc. He has authored numerous publications, including technical books, scientific papers and general articles in the fields of environmental health, risk assessment and on issues related to science and public policy. Dr. Ahmed obtained a B.Sc. in Physics and Chemistry (with highest honors) from the University of Karachi, Pakistan in 1959 and a Ph.D. in Physical Biochemistry from the University of Minnesota in 1969. He conducted basic research in protein chemistry at Harvard University's Biological Laboratories (1963 - 1965) and as a post-doctoral fellow at the University of Minnesota Medical School's Department of Laboratory Medicine and Pathology (1969 - 1971).

Amy Luers, Ph.D.
Assistant Director, Climate Resilience and Information, White House Office of Science & Technology Policy
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Amy Luers became Assistant Director, Climate Resilience and Information, White House Office of Science & Technology Policy in June, 2015.

Prior to moving to her current position, Dr. Luers was Director of Climate Change for the Skoll Global Threats Fund for four years.

From 2007 to 2011, Amy was the Senior Environmental Program Manager at Google, where she initiated and co-led the development of Google Earth Engine and the Google Science Communication Fellows Program, and traveled extensively in Latin America, South East Asia and Africa to support climate risk management programs.

Prior to joining Google, Dr. Luers led the Climate Program for the Union of Concerned Scientists (UCS) in California and analyzed the impacts of alternative federal climate policy options. She is co-founder and former executive director of Agua Para La Vida, a small NGO dedicated to enhancing sustainable access to water supply in rural Latin America.  

Dr. Luers has conducted research and published widely on the vulnerability of social and biophysical systems to global environmental changes. She holds a Ph.D. in environmental science and an M.A. in international policy studies, both from Stanford University, and a M.S. and B.S. in environmental resources engineering from Humboldt State University.

Anthony F. Michaels, Ph.D.
CEO, Midwestern BioAg
(Past Chair)
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DR. ANTHONY MICHAELS (TONY) is a nationally recognized leader in environmental science, innovation and sustainability.  As Chief Executive Officer, he has spearheaded the creation of a comprehensive plan to expand Midwestern BioAg’s reach throughout the United States, and eventually, the world. He is dedicated to helping farmers be more productive and profitable and to making agriculture as a whole, safer, healthier and more sustainable. 

Dr. Michaels is also co-Founder and co-Managing Director of Proteus Environmental Technologies. Past business positions include roles as Chief Scientist at Pegasus Capital Advisors, President of ReCommunity Energy and CEO of PhycoSystems.  Before entering business in 2008, Dr. Michaels had an academic career in environmental and ocean sciences. He was the first Director of the University of Southern California’s Wrigley Institute for Environmental  Studies and he worked at the Bermuda Biological Station for Research. Among his many board positions, Dr. Michaels is Chair of the board for the National Council for Science and the Environment and  a Board member at the Global Institute on Sustainability at Arizona State University.  Previously, he has been Chair of the Council of Environmental Deans and Directors, the Catalina Island Conservancy and the NSF Advisory Committee on Environmental Research and Education. 

Dr. Michaels was educated at the University of California, San Diego, the University of Arizona (BS, MS) and the University of California, Santa Cruz (Ph.D.).  In the past 30 years he has published 100 scholarly papers.  Tony currently resides in both Madison Wisconsin and Los Angeles California with his wife, Claire.  

Antje Danielson, Ph.D.
Administrative Director, Tufts Institute of the Environment
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Administrative Director

Tufts Institute of the Environment

210 Packard Ave., Miller Hall

Medford, MA  02155-5850


Dian Ogilvie
Former Senior Vice President, General Counsel, and Chief Environmental Officer, Toyota Motor North America, Inc.
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On November 6, 2007, Dian Ogilvie was appointed senior vice president and secretary of Toyota Motor North America, Inc. (TMA), the holding company for Toyota's North American sales, engineering and manufacturing operating units. Her responsibilities include administration, corporate communications, industry and government affairs, planning and research, environmental affairs and diversity. She is currently a member of the nine-person North American Executive Committee.

Prior to her role at TMA, Ogilvie served as general counsel and chief environmental officer for Toyota Motor Sales (TMS), U.S.A., Inc., Toyota's sales headquarters in Torrance, Calif. She also served on the seven-member TMS executive committee.

Prior to joining Toyota in 1985, Ogilvie worked as an attorney handling corporate litigation at the law firm of O'Melveny & Myers in Los Angeles, and as a law clerk for U.S. District Court Judge William Matthew Byrne Jr.

Ogilvie studied at Pomona College and received her Bachelor of Arts degree with high honors in history from the University of California, Riverside, and she was elected to Phi Beta Kappa.

Ogilvie earned a master's degree in history from the University of Arizona in Tucson, and she received her juris doctor degree from the University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA) in 1975. While in law school, Ogilvie served as chief article editor of the UCLA Law Review, was Order of the Coif, and named Graduate Woman of the Year in 1975.

Ogilvie was recognized as one of the 100 Leading Women in the Automotive Industry by Automotive News in 2000, 2005 and 2010. Ogilvie serves on the boards of the Toyota U.S.A. Foundation, Lincoln Center and the National Council for Science and the Environment.

Governor Bill Richardson
Former Governor of New Mexico, Former U.S. Secretary of the Department of Energy
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Governor Richardson has had an illustrious and wide-ranging career in public service, academia, and the private sector. Governor Richardson is currently the Chairman of APCO Worldwide’s Global Political Strategies division, and was appointed Special Envoy for the Organization of American States in January 2011.

He was elected Governor of New Mexico in 2002, and was re-elected in 2006. His bold governing style moved New Mexico forward in several important areas, requiring that utilities meet 20% of their electricity from renewable sources, co-founding the Western Climate Initiative regional cap-and-trade effort, creating a new commuter rail service, and investing more than $1 billion in public schools.

Governor Richardson served as Secretary of the US Department of Energy in the Clinton Administration and also served as the U.S. Ambassador to the United Nations (1997 – 1998). At the Department of Energy, he advanced the development of wind, solar and other renewable energy production, improved the disposal of nuclear waste, and oversaw the return of 90,000 acres of land to Native American tribes, one of the largest voluntary returns of Indian lands ever.

Governor Richardson served for 15 years as a member of the U.S. House of Representatives in northern New Mexico representing the 3rd Congressional District.

Governor Richardson held an adjunct professorship at Harvard University's Kennedy School of Government and was a lecturer at the Armand Hammer United World College of the American West in 2001. Richardson also worked at Kissinger McLarty Associates, a strategic advisory firm co-founded by former Secretary of State Henry Kissinger.

H. Jeffrey Leonard, Ph.D.
President, Global Environment Fund
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Jeffrey Leonard, Ph.D. is the CEO and Co-Founder of Global Environment Fund (GEF). Founded in 1990, GEF is among the largest, most experienced and successful private equity firms dedicated exclusively to investments in the energy, environment and related sectors. He serves as Chairman of the investment committees for each of GEF emerging markets funds. Jeffrey is Chairman-elect of the Emerging Markets Private Equity Association (EMPEA), and previously served as co-chairman of the Clean Technology Venture Network. He also served as co-chairman of the energy transition team of Maryland Governor Martin O’Malley from 2006 to 2007, and a member of the Hydrogen Technical Advisory Panel to the U.S. Secretary of Energy from 1992 through 1998. He has worked in Africa, Asia and Latin America for 25 years on economic, finance and natural resource use, having served as Chairman of the Board of Directors for International Pepsi-Cola Bottler Investments and as a founder and director of Global Forest Products Ltd. Jeffrey is a member of the Advisory Board of the US-Brazil Biofuels Partnership. He is also a board member of Cantaloupe Systems, one of GEF’s portfolio companies, the New America Foundation, and Chairman of the Board of City Year (Washington, D.C.) and the Board of The Washington Monthly. He is a founding board member and Chairman Emeritus of the Board of Beacon House Community Ministry, a not-for-profit organization dedicated to improving the lives of children and their families in northeast Washington, D.C. Jeffrey is the author of five books and numrous articles relating to global environment issues, energy production, international trade and technology development. He is a graduate of Princeton (Ph.D.), London School of Economics (MS. Econ) and Harvard College (BA, magna cum laude). Jeffrey recently appeared on The Colbert Report, and a clip of the interview is available at:

Hon. Barbara Sheen Todd
Former Chairman, Board of Commissioners of Pinellas County, Florida and Past President, National Association of Counties
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The Hon. Barbara Sheen Todd served Pinellas County, Fla., for more than 20 years and has contributed to local as well as national politics in many issue areas. Ms. Todd was elected to the Pinellas County Commission in 1980 and has held leadership roles in many other organizations. She has worked with the Florida Association of Counties, and served as President of both the National Association of Counties (NACo) and the State Board of Directors of the Florida League of Cities. She is currently President of American International Consulting Services. Ms. Todd has worked extensively with the state of Florida. Three governors of Florida appointed her to represent county interests on more than a dozen state and national commissions and boards, including the Florida Growth Management Conflict Resolution Consortium and the Florida Advisory Council on Environmental Education. She has a long history of service with civic and council activities, working with groups such as the Pinellas County Tourist Development Council, the Work and Gain Economic Self-Sufficiency Board, the Friends of Weedon Island, and the Governor's Council for Sustainable Florida. Ms. Todd has participated in significant national programs as well. President George Bush appointed Ms. Todd to represent America's counties on the U.S. Advisory Council on Intergovernmental Relations. She also served as a member of the Management Advisory Group which advised the Environmental Protection Agency on water policy issues. Ms. Todd has received many awards for her leadership, including being named "County Leader of the Year" by "American City and County Magazine" in 1994. Other honors include the John L. Brooks Memorial Award for Environmental Leadership by the Florida Audubon Society, the "Conservationist of the Year" award from the Tampa Bay Wildlife Federation, and being included in "Who’s Who of American Women." Ms. Todd has degrees in Spanish, Sociology, and Psychology and earned both her bachelor's and master’s degrees at Florida State University. She also studied foreign language education at the Instituo Technologico, in Monterrey Mexico.

Hon. Randall Johnson
Commissioner, Hennepin County, Minnesota and Past President, National Association of Counties
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Hon. Randy Johnson has served as the Chair of the Hennepin County Board of Commissioners since 1978 and has run unopposed in the last three elections. He held the position of President of the National Association of Counties (NACo) in 1997 and 1998. As President, the Honorable Randy Johnson stressed the importance of counties becoming more digital, global, and sustainable. As part of his efforts at NACo, he accepted the first invitation ever offered by the Chinese Government to lead a delegation of locally elected county officials to the People's Republic of China. He also co-chaired the first meeting of NACo's historical partnership with the U.S. Conference of Mayors in establishing the Joint Center for Sustainable Development. His leadership on environmental issues in Hennepin county has made Commissioner Johnson a national authority on the subject. He has helped the county establish a comprehensive recycling and integrated solid waste management program that is consistently cited as one of the best in the nation. He has addressed international conferences at the U.N. and elsewhere on such issues as alternative fuels, climate change, and new technology implementation. Before his election to the Commission, Randy was appointed as the Legislative Assistant to Minnesota’s first Commissioner of Human Rights. He also worked in the legal department of the National Coal Board in London, England and was an associate in the Faegre and Benson law firm in Minneapolis. In 1977, the Federal Election Commission appointed him Assistant General Counsel. In addition to his work on the Hennepin Board, Commissioner Johnson currently serves on the Federal Communications Commission State and Local Government Advisory Committee, the Federal Geographic Data Committee, Housing and Urban Development’s Community Builder’s Advisory Board, and the Urban Institute’s Assessing the New Federalism Welfare Reform Advisory Committee. He is a member of the Bloomington Chamber of Commerce, Friends of the Minnesota Valley Wildlife Refuge and Sons of Norway. Commissioner Johnson earned his B.A. in Political Science from Macalester College and his J.D. degree cum laude from the University of Minnesota Law School in 1974, where he was a member of the law review.

James Buizer
Director, Climate Adaptation & Internat'l Development, Institute of the Environment & Professor, School of Natural Resources and the Environment, University of Arizona
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James (Jim) Buizer is Director of the Climate Adaptation and International Development Program in the Institute of the Environment at the University of Arizona, where he also holds an appointment as Professor in the School of Natural Resources and the Environment.  Jim’s research interests are in sustainability science, adaptation to impacts of climate change, institutional design and transformation, and boundary spanning organizations.

Prior to joining the University of Arizona, Jim was Senior Advisor to Arizona State University (ASU) President Michael Crow, and Executive Director for Strategic Institutional Advancement in the Office of the President. He also held an appointment as Professor of Practice in Climate Adaptation Policy & Institutional Design in the School of Geographical Sciences and Urban Planning, and was founding Director of the University Center for Integrated Solutions to Climate Challenges.  Upon arriving ASU in September 2003 until July 2007 Professor Buizer served as founding Executive Director of the Office of Sustainability Initiatives in the Office of the President, where he led the conceptualization, design and initiation of the University-wide Global Institute of Sustainability (GIOS) and its School of Sustainability, launched fall 2006 as the first of its kind in the world.  He maintains an appointment as Senior Sustainability Scientist in GIOS.

Until 2003, Jim served as Director of the Climate and Societal Interactions Office at the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) in Washington, D.C., where he was responsible for designing and leading NOAA’s integrated, multidisciplinary research and applications program positioned at the climate and societal interface. 

In his personal capacity he has served on numerous Boards around the world, and currently serves on the Executive Secretariat of the Federal Advisory Committee for the U.S. National Climate Assessment.  He also serves on the Boards of Directors of the National Council for Science and the Environment and Second Nature, Inc.  He is Chairman of the Climate Adaptation Working Group for the American College and University Presidents Climate Commitment, and on the Executive Management Committee for the Arizona Science & Technology Festival.  He is an Advisor to Pegasus Capital Advisors, LP, on the Senior Advisory Committee of the Regional Integrated Multi-Hazard Early Warning System for Africa and Asia, Bangkok, Thailand, and on the Advisory Board for Planet Forward.

Buizer has published extensively on institutionalizing the science-to-action interface, and upon invitation serves as reviewer of University-based Sustainability programs across the United States.  He received his degrees in Oceanography, Marine Resource Economics, and Science Policy from the University of Washington, Seattle, Washington.

Jan Hartke, Esq.
Consultant, Clinton Foundation and Former President of the Global Tomorrow Coalition
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Jan Hartke joined the Clinton Climate Initiative in August 2006. He works on global environmental issues, including climate change, for twenty-five years. He has served as President of the Global Tomorrow Coalition, and Executive Director of EarthVoice. He has also served on the Board of Directors of a wide variety of organizations, including the Enterprise for the Americas as an appointee of President Clinton. Prior to working in the NGO movement, Hartke served as the elected State Treasurer of New Mexico, Chief Public Defender for the State, and Director of the Governor’s Washington D.C. Office. He received his law degree from the University of Virginia and his degree in international relations from Brown University.

Joyce Berry, Ph.D.
Dean Emeritus, Warner College of Natural Resources, Colorado State University
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Joyce Berry Dean Emeritus of Warner College of Natural Resources at Colorado State University. Previously, she was Vice President for Advancement and Strategic Initiatives at Colorado State University. She began her career at the Yale University School of Forestry and Environmental Studies as an Associate in Research and Director of Student Affairs and the Career-Long Education Program. She received her Bachelor’s in political science from the University of California at Berkeley, Master’s in regional resources planning from Colorado State University and her Ph.D in forestry and environmental studies from Yale University. Joyce’s research and teaching focuses on the integration of science, policy and management, public involvement strategies and public attitudes and values toward natural resources, gender, and leadership and organizational change. She has co-authored/edited 4 books: “Environmental Leadership Equals Essential Leadership: Redefining Who Leads and How”; “Environmental Leadership: Developing Effective Skills and Styles”; “Forests to Fight Poverty”, and “A Bibliography of Human/Animal Relations”. Her numerous research activities include 2 ten-year assessments of forest management on Indian Trust Lands in the United States, human resources for sustainable development, frameworks for ecosystem management, public involvement and sustainable strategies for private and public forest lands, and the human dimensions of natural resources management and policy. Joyce is a Board Member of the National Council on Science and the Environment, where she was chair of NCSE's National Commission on Science for Sustainable Forestry, and the Center for Environmental Innovation and the Pinchot Institute for Conservation. Previously, she was President Elect of the National Council of Environmental Deans and Directors, served on the Executive Committee of the Seventh American Forest Congress, was Rapporteur for the Seminar of Experts on Sustainable Development of Boreal and Temporal Forests (“The Montreal Process”), and received Governors’ appointments to the Colorado Forest Advisory Committee and Connecticut Council on Environmental Quality.

Margaret Leinen, Ph.D.
Director, Scripps Institution of Oceanography, and Vice Chancellor for Marine Sciences, University of California, San Diego
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Dr. Margaret Leinen was recently appointed theDirector, Scripps Institution of Oceanography, and Vice Chancellor for Marine Sciences, University of California, San Diego. Proir to this, she was the Associate Provost of Marine and Environmental Initiatives Florida Atlantic University (FAU) and Executive Director of FAU's Harbor Branch Oceanographic Institute and the CEO of the Climate Response Fund and Chief Science Officer of Climos. From January 2000 until January 2007, Dr Leinen served as Assistant Director for Geosciences at the National Science Foundation. In addition to her responsibilities as the Assistant Director, Dr. Leinen was responsible for coordinating environmental science, engineering and education programs within the National Science Foundation (NSF), and for environmental cooperation and collaborations between NSF and other Federal agencies. She also serves as the Co-Chair of the Joint Subcommittee on Ocean Science and Technology, the federal interagency committee that coordinates ocean science among the participating federal agencies and she serves as Vice-Chair of the Subcommittee on Global Change/Climate Change Science Program, the federal interagency committee that coordinates global change science among the participating federal agencies. Prior to goiing to NSF, Dr. Leinen was Dean, Graduate School of Oceanography and Vice Provost for Marine and Environmental Programs at the University of Rhode Island. She was also Acting Dean, College of the Environment and Life Sciences. Dr. Leinen spent her academic career at the University of Rhode Island. During her tenure, she spearheaded the University’s efforts to build a cohesive interdisciplinary marine and environmental focus. Dr. Leinen is a well-known researcher in paleo-oceanography and paleoclimatology. Her work focuses on the history of biogenic sedimentation in the oceans and its relationship to global biogeochemical cycles, and the history of eolian sedimentation in the oceans and its relationship to climate. Dr. Leinen received her B.S. degree (1969) in Geology from the University of Illinois; M.S. (1975) in Geological Oceanography from Oregon State University; and Ph.D. (1980) in Geological Oceanography from the University of Rhode Island. Dr. Leinen is past president of The Oceanography Society. She served on the Board of Governors of the Joint Oceanographic Institutions, Inc., on the Board of Directors of the Bermuda Biological Station for Research and on and the Ocean Research Advisory Council. Dr. Leinen also served as the Vice Chair of the International Geosphere-Biosphere Programme and on the Board on Global Change of the National Research Council/National Academy of Sciences. She is a Fellow of the American Association for the Advancement of Science and the Geological Society of America.

Michael P. Carvalho, Esq.
Managing Partner, Carvalho & Associates, P.C.
(Vice Chair)
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Michael Carvalho is an environmental and energy attorney with over 23 years of technical, business and legal experience. Mr. Carvalho regularly advises business clients on environmental and related transactional matters involving risk allocation and transfer (Brownfields), as well as regulatory, permitting and licensing. He is also an experienced trial lawyer and has recovered millions of dollars on behalf of individual clients in connection with violations of the federal Clean Water Act, Superfund, and the Clean Air Act, among other environmental laws. He is admitted to practice in state and federal courts in Michigan, Georgia and Washington, D.C., to include the U.S. Supreme Court.

Mr. Carvalho is a frequent national speaker and author on matters relating to the cleanup and transfer of contaminated property.

Mr. Carvalho’s pro bono interests include the Washington D.C.-based EnvironMentors Program where he sponsors a scholarship for inner-city high school students interested in environmental careers and serves as General Counsel to the EnvironMentors National Advisory Board of the National Council for Science and the Environment; Wheeler High School’s Magnet Mentor Program where he serves as a Mentor; General Counsel to Riverstone Montessori Association, Inc. and Hospice. 

He can be reached at (678) 354-0066 or via email [email protected]and

Richard E. Benedick
U.S. Ambassador ret., Battelle Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (President Emeritus)
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Ambassador Richard Benedick has played a major role in global environmental affairs as chief U.S. negotiator and a principal architect of the historic Montreal Protocol on protection of the ozone layer, and as Special Advisor to Secretaries-General of both the United Nations Conference on Environment and Development (Rio de Janeiro, 1992) and the International Conference on Population and Development (Cairo, 1994). After serving several years on Battelle’s International Advisory Board, he became in 1998 Deputy Director in the Environmental and Health Sciences Division at theirWashington D.C. office of Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL), and since 2001 is Senior Advisor to the PNNL-University of Maryland Joint Global Change Research Institute. Since 1994 Dr. Benedick has also been President of the National Council for Science and the Environment, an organization of over 500 universities, scientific societies, industry and civic groups dedicated to improving the scientific basis for environmental decision making. He is concurrently Visiting Fellow since 1995 at the Wissenschaftszentrum Berlin (Social Science Research Center). His acclaimed book, Ozone Diplomacy: New Directions in Safeguarding the Planet (Harvard University Press, 1991, enlarged ed. 1998; Japanese ed. 1999), was selected by McGraw-Hill for an anthology of twentieth-century environmental classics and is used in universities throughout the world. He has lectured at more than 80 professional bodies and universities, serves on several boards, and is consulted by international agencies, governments, foundations and industry. He has organized and/or presided over numerous international conferences and negotiations on environment, development, population, and science policy. In 2005, he served on the National Academy of Sciences Committee on Analysis of Global Change Assessments. He currently focuses on climate policy and has promoted the concept of “an architecture of parallel regimes.” He is regularly cited by U.S. and international media. Benedick was elected in 1991 to the World Academy of Art and Science, and in 2002 to the American Academy of Diplomacy, an association of 100 former cabinet secretaries, ambassadors, and statesmen “who have made notable contributions to American foreign policy.” He received the highest Presidential career public service honors (Distinguished and Meritorious Service Awards), the State Department’s John Jacob Rogers medal, and the 1997 United Nations Global Ozone Award and 2007 Twentieth Anniversary Ozone Award. Other distinctions include two State Department Superior Honor medals; visiting fellow, National Center for Atmospheric Research; senior fellow, World Wildlife Fund; Stimson Fellow in International Relations at Yale University; Phi Beta Kappa; Tönisssteiner Kreis; and awards from the Academy of Athens, the Climate Institute, the Holy See, and Population Reference Bureau. He has been in Who’s Who in America since 1980. A career diplomat, Dr. Benedick served in Iran, Pakistan, Paris, Bonn, and Athens. As Deputy Assistant Secretary of State for Environment, Health, and Natural Resources, he supervised policy formation and international negotiations on climate change, stratospheric ozone, biotechnology, tropical forests, oceans, wildlife conservation, and AIDS. Previously, he headed policy divisions at State Department responsible for global population policies and biomedical research, and for economic assistance and multilateral finance. In 1977, he was selected for the Senior Seminar, the U.S. government’s highest study program. He has led many international delegations and testified before the U.S. Congress and foreign parliaments, most recently in 2005 before the Senate on science and environmental policy. Over 120 publications in the U.S. and abroad include Industrial Finance in Iran, From Amenemhet to Aswan: Transformation of the Nile, and articles/chapters published by, i.a., The American Assembly, American Physical Society, Aspen Institute, Max Planck Gesellschaft, National Academy of Sciences, and Scientific American. He holds an A.B. summa cum laude, Columbia; M.A. (honors, economics) Yale; D.B.A. Harvard Graduate School of Business Administration; Evans Fellow at Oxford, in metaphysical poetry; D.Sc. honoris causa, North Carolina State University, 2004.

Rita Colwell, Ph.D.
Distinguished University Professor, University of Maryland and Johns Hopkins University
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Dr. Rita Colwell is Distinguished University Professor at the University of Maryland and on the faculty at the Bloomberg School of Public Health at The Johns Hopkins University. She also serves as Senior Advisor and Honorary Chair of Canon US Life Sciences, Inc. and President and CEO of CosmosID, Inc. She is currently working to develop an international network to research and address infectious diseases, water, and health. Dr. Colwell served as the 11th Director of the National Science Foundation from 1998 to 2004. In this role, she was also Co-chair of the Committee on Science of the National Science and Technology Council. Under Dr. Colwell's leadership, the National Science Foundation budget grew by over 68 percent, surpassing $5 billion for the first time in 2003, and it was recognized for excellence in both science and management. Dr. Colwell oversaw a major increase in the Foundation's support for environmental research and education through such initiatives as the interdisciplinary priority area on Biocomplexity and the Environment. Prior to joining NSF, Dr. Colwell was President of the University of Maryland Biotechnology Institute from 1991 to 1998 and before that, Professor of Microbiology and Biotechnology at the University of Maryland. She was also a member of the National Science Board from 1984 to 1990. Dr. Colwell has co-authored 16 books and over 600 scientific publications, and has been the recipient of many awards including the 2011 Stockholm Water Prize, the Order of the Rising Sun, Gold and Silver Star bestowed by the Emperor of Japan, and the 2006 National Medal of Science awarded by the President of the United States. Dr. Colwell has held many advisory positions. Currently, she serves on the Gulf of Mexico Research Initiative Research Board, and is a member of the National Academy of Sciences, the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences, the Royal Society of Canada, the American Academy of Arts and Sciences, and the American Philosophical Society. Previously, she served as Chairman of the Board of Governors of the American Academy of Microbiology and also as President of the American Association for the Advancement of Science, the Washington Academy of Sciences, the American Society for Microbiology, the Sigma Xi National Science Honorary Society, the International Union of Microbiological Societies and the American Institute of Biological Sciences. Dr. Colwell holds a B.S. in Bacteriology and an M.S. in Genetics from Purdue University, and a Ph.D. in Oceanography from the University of Washington. She has been awarded 54 honorary degrees by universities in the U.S. and abroad.

Rod Parnell, Ph.D.
Professor of Earth Sciences and Environmental Sustainability, Northern Arizona University
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Professor of Earth Sciences &


Environmental Sustainability Frier Hall (building 12) room 207

School of Earth Sciences and Environmental Sustainability

Northern Arizona University

Box 4099

Flagstaff, AZ 86011-4099

Sandra Whitehouse, Ph.D.
Senior Policy Advisor, Ocean Conservancy
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Sandra Whitehouse, Ph.D.

Senior Policy Advisor (consultant)

Ocean Conservancy

175 Carroll Ave

Newport, RI 02840

Stephen P. Hubbell
Distinguished Professor, University of California, Los Angeles
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Dr. Stephen P. Hubbell is a Distinguished Professor of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology at the University of California, Los Angeles. Before joining the University of California, Los Angeles, Dr. Hubbell was Professor of Botany at the University of Georgia and a Butler Fellow and Professor of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology at Princeton University. Prior to joining the Princeton faculty in 1988, he served as a faculty member at the University of Michigan and University of Iowa, and a staff scientist at the Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute. In 1992 he was on leave from Princeton as a senior research fellow of the Smithsonian Institution. Dr. Hubbell was awarded a Guggenheim Fellowship in 1984 and was a Pew Scholar in Conservation and the Environment from 1990-1992. In 1992 he received the Distinguished National Service Award from the Society for Conservation Biology. He is a member of Phi Beta Kappa, Sigma Xi, and is a Fellow of the American Association for the Advancement of Science. Dr. Hubbell's principal research concerns the ecology and management of tropical rain forests. His work focuses on long-term dynamics of tropical rain forests in the new and old world tropics, as well as the implications of global change for the conservation and management of forests. He received a Ph.D. in Zoology from the University of California at Berkeley in 1969, and a B.A. magna cum laude in Biology from Carleton College in 1963. "My interests focus on the population biology of tropical trees and the community ecology and conservation of tropical forests. Most of my students share similar interests. "Within this broad area my students' research interests are varied. One student has been studying the population biology of mahogany in Bolivia and the impact of logging intensity on damage levels to the forest and loss of biodiversity. Another student is studying the ecology of masting in the family Dipterocarpaceae in Indonesia (West Kalimantan) and also the effect of logging on forest regeneration. Still another student is working on the impact of mammalian predation on tropical tree seeds and seedlings in Panama and whether hunting pressure affects the recruitment levels of preferred tree species. Another is examining seedling biology of tree species over the steep rainfall gradient across the Isthmus of Panama, which in 50 miles goes from evergreen rainforest on the Caribbean side to strongly seasonal dry forest on the Pacific side. "Three postdoctoral research students are also working on various aspects of tropical forest ecology. One is studying long term changes in the density and species diversity of understory seedlings and saplings in large (0.135 ha) mammal exclosures in Panama. Another is studying the distribution of tree species on a steep wind stress gradient in a monsoon forest in southern Taiwan and the mechanisms to explain these species distributions. The third is modeling the dynamics of the forest on Barro Colorado Island, based on species-specific growth, survival and recruitment. "My own research continues to focus on the long term dynamics of the large (50 ha) permanent plot of forest on Barro Colorado Island, Panama and comparative studies with plots of similar size now established in Peninsular Malaysia, Sarawak, Thailand and one soon to be established in Amazonian Ecuador. The long term organizing objective of the research is to understand the mechanisms underlying the maintenance of high species richness in such forests on local and regional spatial scales. We are pursuing a combination of intensive local studies of demography, life history and species interactions and more extensive (but locally superficial) regional biogeographical studies. I am also interested in the extent to which local community ecological processes scale up to large geographical regions and in the changes in theory that accompany this change in spatial and temporal scale. "These studies in basic and applied ecology are of direct relevance to issues of conservation and management of tropical rainforests, which are threatened with world-wide destruction over the next several decades. One of the motivations for our research is to provide tropical forest managers with critical information about the biology of tropical trees that they will need to conserve existing tropical forests and to select promising native species for use in reforestation programs rather than having to rely so heavily on exotic species."