Researchers are reshaping our energy future with increasingly sophisticated sensors that allow more efficient use of energy; development of a new generation of bioenergy; microbial fuel cells and nano-solar technology; energy- efficient materials; better accounting and forecasting techniques; and a host of improved traditional and nontraditional measures. Innovative individuals and businesses are finding new ways to make money from energy conservation and sustainable approaches. Local and state governments are creating incentivea and using collaborative processes to reduce their costs and impacts. Policymakers are providing incentives such as renewable energy portfolio standards, research funding, tax credits and other incentives, as well as using their considerable purchasing power. Yet, there is a still a significant gap between what is technically feasible and the options being recognized by decisionmakers. Energy that is sustainable and secure is not just an option. It is an imperative. We hope that this conference and this report help to speed this transformation.